The photo pictures of music sites - opera houses, musicisns' monuments, statues, plaques, and music related objects, taken during our trip to Austria, Hungary, Croatia, and Slovenia, July 13 - July 25, 2012.
Vienna is the capital and the largest city of Austria with population of 1.73 million. Music is one of Vienna's legacies. Musical prodigies including Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Joseph Haydn, Ludwig van Beethoven, Franz Schubert, Johannes Brahms, Gustav Mahler and Arnold Schoenberg have lived and worked there.
The Zentralfriedhof (German for "Central Cemetery") is one of the largest cemeteries in the world, largest by number of interred in Europe and most famous cemetery among Vienna's nearly 50 cemeteries.
Vienna is a city of music since time immemorial, and the municipality expressed gratitude to composers by granting them monumental tombs. Interred in the Zentralfriedhof are notables such as Beethoven and Schubert who were moved there in 1888, and Johannes Brahms, Antonio Salieri, Johann Strauss II and Arnold Schoenberg. There is a cenotaph erected in honour of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, but he was actually buried in nearby St. Marx Cemetery.
(Monuments from left-Beethoven, Mozart, Schubert)
Ralph Benatzky (1884-1957), an Austrian composer of Czech origin (when Benatzky was born Bohemia was part of the Austrian empire, Benatzky mostly worked in Vienna). He composed operas and operettas, such as Casanova (1928), Die drei Musketiere (1929), Im weißen Rössl (1930), and Meine Schwester und ich (1930). He died in Zürich, Switzerland.
The story of Benatzky's operetta "Im Weissen Rossl"(The White Horse Inn) was taken place at this Inn in the village of Hallstatt. Hallstatt, Upper Austria, is a village in the Salzkammergut, a region in Austria. It is located near the Hallstätter See (a lake). Hallstatt is known for its production of salt, dating back to prehistoric times, and gave its name to the Hallstatt culture.
Johannes Brahms(1833-1897), German composer, born in Hamburg, Germany; he spent later part of his life in Vienna and died there. He composed 4 symphonies, concertos, orchestral music, chamber music etc.
Budapest is the capital and the largest city of Hungary, the largest in East-Central Europe and the seventh largest in the European Union. It is the country's principal political, cultural, commercial, industrial, and transportation centre, sometimes described as the primate city of Hungary. Budapest became a single city occupying both banks of the river Danube with a unification on 17 November 1873 of west-bank Buda and Óbuda with east-bank Pest.
The Hungarian State Opera House (Hungarian: Magyar Állami Operaház) is a neo-Renaissance opera house located in central Budapest, on Andrássy út. It is home to the Budapest Opera Ball. Today it is the largest Opera building in Budapest and Hungary.
It was designed by Miklós Ybl, a major figure of 19th century Hungarian architecture, the construction lasted from 1875 to 1884 and was funded by the city of Budapest and by Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria-Hungary. The Hungarian Royal Opera House (as it was known then) opened to the public on the September 27, 1884.
Many important artists were guests here including Gustav Mahler the composer who was director in Budapest from 1887 to 1891 and Otto Klemperer who was music director for three years from 1947 to 1950.
The Burgtheater (en: (Imperial) Court Theatre), originally known as K.K. Theater an der Burg, then until 1918 as the K.K. Hofburgtheater, is the Austrian National Theatre in Vienna and one of the most important German language theatres in the world. [The Burgtheater was created in 1741 and has become known as "die Burg" by the Viennese population. Mozart's opera "The Marriage of Figaro" was premiered here on May 1, 1786.
Ferenc(Franz) Erkel(1810-1893), Hungarian composer and conductor, debut as opera conductor at the local theater, thereafter he conducted at various theaters. He used Hungarian themes, and found Hungarian opera, he composed operas(Hunyadi Laszlo, Bank Ban...), and also composed the Hungarian national anthem. In later years he was revered as a great national figure; his statue was placed in front(left side) of the new Hungarian(Budapest) Opera House in 1884.
Graz is the 2nd largest city of Austria after Vienna with population of 292,000.
Graz is situated on the Mur River in the southeast of Austria. It is about 200 km (120 mi) southwest of Vienna. The nearest larger urban center is Maribor in Slovenia which is about 50 km (31 mi) away. Graz is the capital and largest city in Styria, a green and heavily forested area.
Front View, Graz Opera House was inaugurated in 1899, it was designed by Ferdinand Fellner and Herman Helmer in the neo-baroque style. The building suffered damage during WWII bombings but was repaired and re-opened after the war.
Herbert von Karajan(1908-1989), Austrian conductor; born in Salzburg and attended the Mozarteum in home town, then studied at the Vienna Music Academy and Vienna University. He conducted at Berlin State Opera, La Scala, Milan, Vienna Philharmonic, London Philharmonica. In 1955 he succeeded Furtwangler as music director for life of the Berlin Philharmonic, he also led the Salzburg Festival from 1956 to 1960.
Lehar's sculture in Vienna Central Park. Franz Lehar(1870-1948), Hungarian composer of operetta. He was the leading operetta composer of the early 20th century. He composed 30 operettas: his well known operettas are "The Merry Widow"(Die lustige Witwe), "The Land of Smile"..... , other works he composed are symphonies, violin concertos, waltzes etc.
Franz Lehar in Bad Ischl. Bad Ischl, a spa city with population of 14,000, lies in the southern part of upper Austria, the Salzkammergut Region, home of the famous Lehar Operetta Festival. Franz Lehar lived there for almost 30 years.
Kongresshaus, site of Lehar Operetta Festival, each summer fully professional operetta productions are staged, along with concerts of music by many popular Austrian composers such as Strauss, Lehar, Stolz, Zeller... etc.
Franz Lehar lived in Bad Ischl for almost 30 years. He died there in 1948. His villa has been preserved as he left it and can be visited today. Lehard's private collections, persoinal effects, plus musical and theatrical memorabilia are on display there.
Ljubljana is the capital of Slovenia and its only centre of international importance. It is located in the centre of the country in the Ljubljana Basin, and is the centre of the City Municipality of Ljubljana. With approximately 272,000 inhabitants, it classifies as the only Slovenian large town.
For centuries, Ljubljana was the capital of the historical region of Carniola. Now it is the cultural, educational, economic, political and administrative centre of Slovenia.
Franz Liszt(1811-1886), Hungarian pianist and composer. The sculpture on the right side of Hungarian(Budapest) Opera House. Liszt composed 2 piano concertos, 2 symphonies(Dante, Faust), symphonic poems, transcriptions(paraphrases) of symphonies and operas, piano pieces, his most famous and popular works are "Hungarian Rhapsodies"(piano).
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart(1756-1791), Austrian composer, he demonstrated his musical ability at the age of 4, a musical genius. He composed over 600 pieces of music during his short life span of 35 years. His works include: symphonies, operas, various orchestral music, concertos, chamber music, sacred music and songs.
The first three floors are now hosted as the Mozart Museum. It is one of the most frequently visited museums in the world. Admission: 10 euro.
1st Floor - dedeicated to everyday life at home and while traveling.
2nd Floor - primiarily focuses on Mozart as a composer of operas.
3rd Floor - former residence of the Mozart Family.
Mozart Family stayed in this building from 1747 to 1773
In 1773 Mozart moved from his birthplace to this building called Tanzmeisterhaus on the square that was called "Hannibalplatz"(now called "Makartplatz") for larger space for rehearsal and other activities. Then 1781 he moved to Vienna.
Top row-from left:
Leoplod Mozart(1719-1787), father; Nannerl Mozart(1751-1829), Sister; Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart(1756-1791); himself; Anna Maria Mozart(1729-1778), mother;
Middle row: Constanze Mozart(1762-1842), wife;
Bottom row: Sister Nannerl; Mozart late age and young age.
Mozart grandmother's house in Sankt Gilgen(St. Gilgen). St. Gilgen is a village situated in the north-western shore of Lake Wolfgangsee, near Salzburg. In 2005 it was promoted as the "Mozart Village". Although young Wolfgang(Mozart) never visited St. Gilgen, his grandmother worked in the town, his mother was born there, and his sister Nannerl moved there after their marriage.
Adolf Muller(1801-1886), Austrian/Hungarian composer and conductor, he was music director at the Theater-an-der-Wien, and he was a dominant figure in Viennese musical theater. He wrote 400 song, and composing over 600 productions of all sorts.